Discrimination based on religion is a form of harassment that can take many forms in the workplace. It can be subtle, such as negative comments or biases, or overt, such as refusal to accommodate religious practices or beliefs. Regardless of the form it takes, discrimination based on religion can create a hostile work environment and can be illegal.
Identifying types of discrimination based on religion
Discrimination based on religion in the workplace can take many forms, such as when employers:
- Fail to provide reasonable accommodations for an employee’s religious beliefs or practices, such as allowing time off for religious holidays or providing a space for prayer or meditation.
- Subject employees to harassment or make subtle, unintentional comments or actions based on religious stereotypes or biases, including derogatory comments, jokes or other forms of harassment
- Pass over employees for promotions or other opportunities based on religious beliefs or practices
- Terminate or discipline employees based on their religious beliefs or practices, such as refusing to allow employees to wear religious clothing or head coverings
- Target employees for discrimination or harassment based on their religious appearance or name
- Retaliate against employees who assert their religious rights or request accommodations through demotions, pay reductions or other forms of punishment
If you have experienced or witnessed discrimination in any of these forms, try to speak with HR or a supervisor to address the situation. This helps ensure that the workplace is inclusive and respectful for all employees.
Protection yourself against discrimination
If you feel that you are being discriminated against based on your religion, there are several options you may consider:
- Document the incidents: Keep a record of any incidents that happened. Include the date, time, location and the specific behaviors or actions that you believe are discriminatory.
- Talk to your HR department: If your company has an HR department, you may want to speak with them about your concerns. They can provide guidance on your company’s policies and procedures for addressing discrimination and may be able to help resolve the situation.
- Seek legal advice: You may want to consult an attorney to discuss your options. They can provide guidance on your legal rights and potential next steps.
- File a complaint: You may file a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) or your state’s fair employment agency. These agencies are responsible for enforcing laws that prohibit discrimination in the workplace.
- Consider speaking with a religious leader or advocacy group: If you are comfortable doing so, you may want to speak with a religious leader or advocacy group to discuss your situation and seek support.
It is important to note that differences in religion can often be subject to misunderstanding. So, trying to talk things through with your employer or HR department before pursuing legal options may be helpful.
However, remember that discrimination based on religion is illegal, and you have the right to work in a workplace that is free from discrimination. Do not be afraid to advocate for yourself and seek help if you feel discriminated against.